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An Analysis of the causes of the Wars and the course which they took.

Michael D. Miller

Wars of the Roses

An Analysis of the causes of the Wars and the course which they took.

By: Michael D. Miller


The period known to history as the Wars of the Roses is immensely complex, involving as it does the constitutional, dynastic, parliamentary, social and military issues which bedevilled the late middle-ages. Then the accepted method of rule was rule by the King, which was fast becoming an anachronism in a society which was rapidly changing. Even so, this form of dictatorship, which to modern eyes appears as a tryranny, worked reasonably well as long as the King was a firm and well balanced person who could keep his powerful and turbulant nobles in order by a judicious mixture of stick and carrot. When the King did not possess the necessary qualities, then kingship faltered, and there was little which could correct the abuses which were the natural corollary. There were those who were genuinely concerned with the disorder which resulted, but in a rough and brutal age there were also those who, motivated by greed and the desire for personal aggrandisment, seized the opportunity to create armed conflict. Human nature being what it is, the same characteristics could often be found simultaneously in any one individual.

Most works on the Wars of the Roses are too constrained by the demands of the publishers to be able to examine the root causes of the Wars or all the issues which brought them about. This work is an attempt to deal with them comprehensively.

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Copyright Notice:

Copyright Michael D. Miller 2003

The moral right of the author has been asserted. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission oin writing of the author, now otherwise circulated in any form of binding or cover and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser.